Fast-growing and otherwise successful organizations often outpace the rate at which they can groom and grow senior executives to keep up with the need to guide and govern increased scale and complexity of operations. Consequently, they bring top talent in from the outside.
As outlined in a previous IntelliVen post, a senior hire is hardly a path to guaranteed success. Similarly, a Harvard Business Review article by Jean Martin in 2014 reports: “Outside hires take twice as long to ramp up as a leader promoted from within. Astoundingly, C-suite executives report that only one out of five executives hired from outside are viewed as high performers at the end of their first year in-house. And ultimately, of the 40% of leaders who are hired from outside each year, nearly half fail within the first 18 months. The direct and indirect costs of the failures are staggering, far exceeding the cost of the search that found the executive.”
The Usual Case
Executive transition is hard for the receiving organization and for the entering executive. Fortunately, there are things both can to do increase the odds of success.
One of the toughest things for a senior executive to do is transition into an existing system of operation. At first, during the “honeymoon period”, a lot about the entering executive seems to incumbents to be new and different. It may at least be interesting, and at most exciting, to let the “new guy” operate with a high degree of independence hoping and trusting that good things will happen, especially given how much he or she is being compensated.
After six months or so the honeymoon is over and results start to speak for themselves.
Rarely is everyone happy.
Differences that once made the entering executive seem interesting now make him or her seem odd. Incumbent executives sour and adopt a wait-and-see attitude, leaving it to the entering executive to sink-or-swim on their own thereby increasing the odds of failure. In the worst, and all too common, case some incumbents ostracize and/or try to accelerate the entering executive’s demise.
The story is much the same from the perspective of the entering executive. At first, there is an exhilarating air of difference. Everything is new and exciting with much to figure out and to absorb. The opportunity to have a major positive impact induces what seems an endless rush of euphoric excitement. All too soon these feelings devolve into isolation and loneliness along with the realization that no matter what good is accomplished, everyone will wonder why there was not more.
A programmatic approach to new executive transition does not guarantee success but it increases the odds and shortens the time frame in which it is achieved. The objectives are to:
- Raise the incumbent team’s individual and collective consciousness as to what the entering executive is to accomplish and the definition of success in the first six months, in the first year, and beyond.
- Turn incumbent executives from observers to stakeholders in success so that their energy, wisdom, insights, and ideas are constructively channeled to work with and for the entering executive rather than evaluating, but not contributing to, success.
- Accelerate the entering executive’s learning curve and integration into the organization’s leadership network.
- Promote interest in, and commitment to, the entering executive and his or her vision for the organization’s future
The result is to make the entire team accountable for success, not just the entering executive.
Conduct pre-meetings to promote Relationships-That-Work: The entering executive first meets offline at least twice with every direct report and key members of the leadership team, one-on-one for a couple of hours, in order to open a channel of communication and to begin to develop a relationship and build trust with each team member.
This is done before official work business needs to happen between the two, perhaps in the weeks prior or just after starting in the new role. Meetings should be off of the worksite and in a low-stakes venue that appeals to the person with whom the incoming executive is meeting such as a leisurely lunch or dinner, a golf outing, a walk in the woods, etc.
It is not possible for a new leader to effectively take charge without knowing the people who work directly for him or her. The same goes for working with key stakeholders. Pre-work meetings are to open channels and begin to get to know each other. The executives also verify that they can see themselves being an important person in each other’s lives.
Subordinates that the entering executive cannot fathom getting close to may as well be let go right away because it never gets easier as time marches on. Similarly, incumbents that feel they will just not be able to have a productive relationship with the entering executive should raise and deal with it sooner rather than later.
As the incoming executive starts to work full-time, the opportunity to open constructive channels of communication declines markedly due to day-to-day pressures. This makes it harder to develop a productive relationship and all the more difficult to ever work well together.
Give Guidance not Orders: The safest approach for subordinates reporting to the entering executive is to find out what he or she wants and then do it. Unfortunately, this is sure to backfire. The entering executive needs to make clear that no one should ever do anything just because he or she said to do it. Instead, everyone should do what they do because they believe it is the right thing to do, they want to do it, and they agree it should be done.
Help and Impress: The incoming executive needs to earn the respect of each team member and direct report. Until the incoming executive greatly helps or otherwise impresses each incumbent, there will persist an element of doubt that torments, and possibly sabotages, their working relationship. The incoming executive should consciously seek, find, and deliver on a way to help (or otherwise impress) each incumbent as a gesture of genuine kindness and support, asking nothing in return. If the incoming executive tries too hard, tries and fails, or is pompous, the odds of success are reduced.
Engage in Critical Business Activity: The incoming executive surveys what is going on across the organization to select a high-stakes activity to become integrally involved with; such as a key sale or a difficult client, delivery, or product development challenge. The project provides a foil for the incoming executive to:
- Work with strong people from different parts of the organization on something important.
- Learn how the best people get things done.
- Find out who knows what.
- Experience firsthand how things come together in the clutch.
It also gives the entering executive a chance to make a contribution to the organization and earn a reputation for leadership and success while providing input towards developing a well-grounded picture of the way things work currently and an outline of how things need to work in the future.
It may at first seem wiser for the entering executive to help out on a small, simple effort rather than something big-and-hairy out of the gate. It turns out that doing something small does not teach much about how the best of the organization gets put to work, is not very visible, and simply does not matter much. The better strategy is to learn all there is to know from pitching in on something big and important as soon as possible.
Operate with Excellence: The entering executive also establishes a pattern of excellence in operations characterized by:
- Clarifying what they seek to accomplish, why, when, and how.
- Having a team of strong players with complementary skills who thoroughly enjoy working together to accomplish their common goal as described in this post.
- Clarity with respect to performance metrics that will be tracked to know how well things are progressing towards stated goals and then driving to design, build, and put in place processes to routinely collect, organize, analyze, and present performance data in an easy to manage fashion.
- Installing systems for performance goal setting, performance appraisals, salary reviews, incentive compensation awards, personnel resource allocation, and professional development.
- Having routine oversight, guidance, and direction to selected programs, projects, and key personnel.
- Being prepared for, attending, and participating in leadership forums such as executive team meetings, operating meetings, and initiative reviews.
- A pattern of stating goals and performance projections followed by actual results consistently meeting or exceeding goals and projections.
Executive Session: At about the three-month mark, the entering executive prepares and presents a summary of what he or she has done, seen, and begun to envision to that point. It is too soon to have done much and certainly no one will expect everything to be sorted out yet so there is a lot of leeway. On the other hand, it is long enough that there should be some good data and thinking going on and it is time for the hiring manager and stakeholders to review that thinking and to nudge it in the right direction if it is off base.
The hiring manager calls the meeting and ensures, ideally with the help of a trained facilitator, a safe space is created. They work with the incoming executive to prepare and to facilitate the briefing session to ensure incumbents are interested and helpful and that the incoming executive:
- Puts their best foot forward
- Listens carefully to questions and guidance from the group
- Completes action items in a timely manner.
In three more months, roughly at the six-month mark, the entering executive ought to have a pretty good handle on what they think they can and should do to deliver on the promise to make a major contribution. The next executive session is held at the half-year mark for the incoming executive to lay out:
- How things are now.
- Why things need to change.
- How things will be when they are changed.
- What they plan to do to affect the intended change.
- What will be hard about making the envisioned changes.
This leads to a rich discussion about whether the incoming executive’s perception of the current state rings true, whether the reason for change and target state are agreed to, and a discussion as to whether the planned initiatives are right and what it will take for them to succeed.
If things are off track, the incoming executive takes the guidance and goes back for another try and another review in at most a few weeks. If it is again off-track then it is probably time to wonder if the incoming executive is in the right role. On the other hand, when the session reveals solid thinking, analysis, and plans that are on track for success then the hiring manager provides further guidance as for any other executive as outlined in this post.
Bringing in top talent from the outside to keep up with success is never a sure thing but organizations that work at improving their odds of success put themselves in position to perform disproportionately better than most. More well-developed organizations that have the scale, resources, and stakes to justify so doing may want to augment the suggestions above with an even more aggressive Executive Transition Support Program to further enhance their odds of success.